Mandarin Grammar Lesson 4
Locative Marker

Vocabulary

Function words

zai4

 "at", "is at"

bu4

not

 

Places

jia1

house

 

xue2 xiao4

school

學 校

gong1 yuan2

public park

公园

can1 ting1

restaurant

餐厅

yi1 yuan4

hospital

醫 院

shi2 chang3

,market

市场

Grammar Description

"zai4" is one of the few words in Chinese that corresponds to an English preposition.  It takes the places of all the English prepositions describing location: "at, above, below, in, on, out, around, etc."  "zai4" always requires an object corresponding to a location.  (This can be a place like a country or a building, or an object.)

The Locative Particle " zai4 "

Mandarin

English

  zai4

  bu2* zai4

As used above, the phrase can be used as a linking verb.  It is also used to show where an action occurs, or to describe an object.  Examples of these various uses will be given in future lessons.

The location following "zai4" gives the description ranging from General to Specific.  Descriptive phrases do not need any conjunction between them.  This can be as simple as Country-City such as "Zhong1 guo2 Bei3 jing1" to as exact and specific as needed (like "on the bottom of a seat a man going to a seminar in Florida is sitting on, 15 feet above the ground").


Pronouns | Equative Verb | Predicate Adjectives | Mandarin Locative Marker | Possessives | Choice Questions | Measure Words

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