0 
零 
10 
十 

1 
一 
100 
百 

2 
二 
1000 
千 

3 
三 
10000 
萬 

4 
四 


5 
五 
a couple 
兩 

6 
六 
[mw] 
個 

7 
七 
[ordinal] 
第 

8 
八 
decimal 
點 

9 
九 
decimal 
半 
The Chinese number system and the Western number system are very similar, but differ early on. While the English number words from 11100 undergo sound changes, the Chinese numbers remain predictable.
In Chinese, whole numbers follow the format:
number + place (ten thousands, thousands, hundreds, tens, ones)
If there are one or more places in a row with a zero between nonzero digits, a single \lihng\ fills the places. Try 101, 1001, 1010, 10001, 10101 below.
Numbers ending in zeros omit the final zero place holders. Try 100, 1000, etc.
1119 are exceptions in that they omit the initial "yat", instead of "yat sahp yat" it is just "sahp yat"
Ordinalizing numbers is accomplished by simply adding daih to the front of a number. To make "one" become "the first", "yat" becomes "daih yat"
Decimal numbers are read with the whole number read first, the word /dim/ (to denote the decimal point), and then each each decimal place read. Zeros are treated the same as other digits. If the whole number is zero the initial zero can be read or omitted.
1.5 
yat /dim/ /ngh/  1.0  yat /dim/ \lihng\ 
0.02 
\lihng\ /dim/ \lihng\ yih  1.00  yat /dim/ \lihng\ \lihng\ 
1.10001 
yat /dim/ yat \lihng\ \lihng\ \lihng\ yat  1.01  yat /dim/ \lihng\ yat 
0.0010 
\lihng\ /dim/ \lihng\ \lihng\ yat \lihng\  0.5  \lihng\ /dim/ /ngh/ 
10.30 
sahp /dim/ \saam\ \lihng\  300.03  \saam\ baak /dim/ \lihng\ \saam\ 
Counting in Chinese is somewhat different than in English. Chinese requires the use of a special class of words called "measure words." These serve to give units for counting and classifying nouns. Some words in English perform similar functions, but the difference is that in Cantonese all words require a measure word when being counted.
This section will only explain what is needed to know in order to count generic objects. Grammar Lesson 7 dedicated to using measure words.
When counting objects, Chinese uses the following
formula:
Number + Measure Word + (Object)
The most common measure word is "go" which is used to count many different things or when the classification is unknown.
When counting fractions of a thing, Chinese uses the
following formula:
Whole Number + Measure Word + Fractional Number + (Object)
When the number of objects is 1 or 1 and a fraction, Cantonese speakers generally omit saying yat and just say the measure, any fraction, and optionally the object.
When the number of objects is 2 or 2 and a fraction, it is always counted as "a couple of objects" /leuhng/ instead of "two objects" yih.
1 person 
一個人 
Notice how in the first examples "\yahn\" is italicized to show that it can be omitted. In the last examples it is not even included since it is not common to refer to a fraction of a person. Most natives omit "yat" when it is the whole number being counted. Although, it is understandable when included. 

2 people 
兩個人 

22 people 
二十二個人 

1 and a half people 
一個半人 

2 and a half people 
兩個半人 

3 and a half people 
三個半人 

1.2 
一個二 

2.2 
兩個二 

3.2 
三個二 
This may be too much information to learn all at once. You may wish to practice one part of the lesson until it is mastered before attempting to learn the other sections.
Cantonese has made contractions for the numbers from 2199, excluding each multiple of ten. The contraction is made by shortening the word for the tens position (sahp) into the "aa" vowel sound pronounced at a mid tone. Numbers in the 20's and 30's are even further shortened, keeping on the initial of the first number plus "aa" and spoken with a distinct high falling tone.
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